Over 96 million American adults have prediabetes – that’s 1 in 3 adults! Of those, more than 8 in 10 of them don’t even know they have it and aren’t aware of the long-term risks to their health. Many people with prediabetes could develop type 2 diabetes within 5 years if action isn’t taken. The good news is that prediabetes can be reversed!
The National Diabetes Prevention Program is a structured lifestyle intervention program developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Its primary goal is to help individuals at high risk of developing type 2 diabetes make sustainable lifestyle changes to prevent or delay the onset of the disease. Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition characterized by high blood sugar levels. The DPP aims to address these risk factors by promoting healthier eating habits, increased physical activity, and modest weight loss.
Group Sessions: The program is delivered in a group setting, online or in person, where participants meet regularly with a trained lifestyle coach and fellow participants. Group sessions provide support, accountability, and a sense of community.
Curriculum: The curriculum focuses on nutrition, physical activity, stress management, and behavior change. It emphasizes small, achievable goals and encourages gradual lifestyle modifications throughout the year long program.
Healthy Eating: Participants learn about balanced and portion-controlled eating, understanding food labels, making healthier food choices, and managing calorie intake.
Physical Activity: The program encourages participants to increase their physical activity through strategies such as walking, aerobic exercises, and other enjoyable activities.
Behavior Change: Participants work on developing healthy behaviors and habits, including strategies for overcoming barriers to change, managing stress, and addressing emotional eating.
Monitoring Progress: Regular assessments, such as weight tracking and discussions about challenges and successes, help participants stay on track and make necessary adjustments. Six months SMART goals are set during the beginning of the program. Participants weigh weekly and report their exercise minutes to their coach.
The NDPP is based on a research study called the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP), which demonstrated that lifestyle changes could reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes by nearly 60% in individuals with prediabetes—a condition characterized by higher-than-normal blood sugar levels, but not high enough to be classified as diabetes.
Risk factors of prediabetes include: